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Risk Assessment - Autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece

 

From:  The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
August 23, 2011

Greece's public health system has detected six local acquired Plasmodium vivax malaria infections since June, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) said yesterday in a risk assessment. Four of the infections were reported from Evrotas, an area in the southeastern part of the country that has reported sporadic cases of locally acquired malaria infections in the past 3 years. Two cases detected in July, however, occurred in the Evoia area northeast of there, where autochthonous cases haven't been reported. The ECDC said the risk of transmission to other EU countries is low and that more research is needed to determine if the source of local transmission is an imported case that involved onward spread by local mosquito vectors or if an established human reservoir of P vivax in the area is contributing to annual clusters.

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